Na Phra Meru Temple or Phra Meru Rachikaram Worawihan Temple Located in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya district Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province Along the lotus pond canal on the north side of the moat (Old Lopburi River) opposite the Royal Palace With the same name “The Meruarajaram Temple”
But no evidence of who created and built Considering that It should be a temple built directly at the fire of one of the kings of the Ayutthaya period. Only legend says that King In King Rama II had built this temple in 2046, but there is no evidence.
Na Phra Meru Temple is the only temple in Ayutthaya that has not been destroyed by Myanmar. And still very good condition Some speculated that it might be because Burma had set up a headquarters at this temple and the temple was (Which is currently a deserted temple and still remains to be destroyed
The temple of Na Pha Meru is a Ayutthaya style with a pillar inside. But should be added to the eaves of the back in the reign of King Borom Kot The main Buddha image in the temple, which was built at the end of the Ayutthaya period Or received major renovations at that time Is a large bronze casting Buddha statue Behind the temple, there is another one but smaller than Phra Sri Ariyatitri.
The important thing that appears within this temple is the temple and the Buddha statue. Which might have been a major restoration in the reign of King Prasat Thong The gable of the temple is a gilded carved wood that shows the image of Narai, the Garuda Yag Nakh stamped Rahu surrounded by angels. (In front of the temple, there are 26 surrounding angels
Behind the temple, there are 22 angels, 48 angels. The motto is popular in ancient times, considered the king as a god Is the Vishnu Avatar Which means that this temple is a royal temple
The Buddha temple has no windows. But made a grille to allow sunlight and wind to pass through The grille is also made of an octagonal flower, also known as the angled grating wall. (Same as the wall of the Grand Hall of Mahathat Temple, which is the art of early Ayutthaya)
For the Buddha statue, the president of the temple, which is a large statue, is built in the motto of the Buddha. According to the Maha Chom Bood Formula Which is a form of Buddha image that is very popular in the middle of the Ayutthaya period until the early Rattanakosin period
This Buddha image may be compared to the Buddha statue within the crematorium of the Chai Chai Ram temple. Which was created in the reign of Phra Prathong Thong as well. For this reason, it can be assumed that the Buddha statue in the temple, Na Phra Meru temple would be built during that time as well. Or it would have been a major restoration at that time After the reign of King Rama III of the Rattanakosin Province Buddha Nimit Wichit Marimee Srisanphet Borom Trai Lokanat (Popularly called abbreviation Buddha vision)
In the east of Phra Ubosot, there is a little temple built by Phraya Chai Wichit (Phueak) during the reign of King Rama III of Rattanakosin. With a pattern copied from the temple But reduced the size to a smaller size, and changed the gable to be a pattern according to the popularity of the art at that time.
In the temple, there is also a picture of the narrative of the trade, junk and various Buddhas, and within the enshrined Phra Khan Than Rath, a large Dvaravati Buddha image, which was brought from the Mahathat Temple, Ayutthaya. Enshrined in Nakhon Pathom province before And moved to Wat Mahathat, Ayutthaya, around the reign of King Maha Emperor
This Buddha statue is the home of the Buddha statue, the largest and most complete today. There are only a few people in Thailand at this time. The old age is said to be old before the Sukhothai period. Similar to the era of Borobudur or Borobudhoto on Java Island in Indonesia, when more than 1,000 years ago very valuable thing
3 pagodas that have the roots of the spines spread At the back of the temple of Na Phra Meru Appeared in the painting of Ayudhya in the book by French explorer Henry Mio Traveling into Thailand during the reign of King Rama V
Na Phra Meru Temple appears in the royal chronicles for the first time around the year 2106. (After being considered the second Great Burma By setting up a tabernacle for the coming of a contract between this temple and the temple
Which has finally negotiated a truce By Ayudhya giving 4 elephants to the Hongsawee Delivering the person who had been excluded from giving the white elephant to Hongsawee as a hostage. Willing to send 30 elephants a year and 300 baht per year and allow Hongsawee to have tax privileges in Myeik. The Ayudhya side then negotiated for the land that the Hongsawadee party held all night. The Hongsawadee good side agreed to return, but it was good. And retreated to Hongsawadee Therefore, at that time, the Lord Buddha was not yet a member of the royal family. This peace negotiation event occurred before the event of Ayutthaya. Lose the 1st independence that occurred later (in the year 2112)
Another time is around the year 2303, Alonpaya. (After being considered the third great monarch of Burma) to join the siege of Ayutthaya And set up the royal army at Thung Phra Meru Alonpaya had commanded the battle and commanded the artillery to be set in the Na Phra Meru temple. And set fire to fire the cannon across the royal palace across
It appears that the occurrence of ball bearings causes the cannon to explode. Must be the body of the god Alonpaya so severe Until having to retreat and die when retreating, not yet in Tak Ending the invasion of Ayutthaya again In the event of Alonpaya being wounded, he had to retire and died before the event of Ayudhya. Lost the second independence that occurred later (in the year 1767)